Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC)

The intent of the APMC is to ensure that farmers are not exploited by intermediaries (or money lenders) who compel farmers to sell their produce at the farm gate for an extremely low price and all food produce should first be brought to a market yard and then sold through auction. APMC sets rules with respect to purchase, sale and storage of Agricultural produce. A market cess is payable by every trader or commission agent who sells agricultural produce.

Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rule 2011

The Rule prescribes the Labelling requirements with respect to pre-packaged commodities. Every label shall be legible and prominent. The numerals of the retail sale price and net quantity declaration should be printed. The Name and address of the manufacturer or packer, Name and address of the importer (in case of imported product), Customer care no., the common generic name of the commodity are some of the compulsory declarations required to be printed on the label. The words or expression which tends to create an exaggerated, misleading or inadequate impression as to the quantity of the commodity contained in the package like minimum, not less than, average, about, approximately or other words of similar nature are not to be used in label.

Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006

An Act enacted to improve quality of food with changing needs of time, setting the standards of food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India along with State Food Authorities are responsible for implementation of FSS Act. Food registration and license is required for all food business operators including wholesalers, manufacturers, suppliers, traders etc, involved in the production, distribution, and transportation of food products. In case of food safety issues such as adulterated food, unsafe food, substandard food, labelling defects etc, consumer can complaint to the Food Safety Officer / Designated Officer /DC of the area or Food Safety Commissioner of the State.

The Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945

The Drugs & Cosmetics Act regulates the import / manufacture of Drugs & Cosmetics in India. Every such Manufacturer / importer have to register their brand of product with the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization. In case of manufacturing of cosmetics, the State drug authorities are responsible to grant manufacturing licence. The Act prohibits any drug or cosmetic which is not of standard quality, or misbranded or suspicious, adulterated, having unsafe ingredient, not having registration or proper declaration.

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 (IRDA)

IRDA regulate the Indian insurance industry to protect the interests of the policyholders and work for the orderly growth of the industry. IRDA Registers and regulates insurance companies, Protects policyholders’ interests, Licenses and establishes norms for insurance intermediaries, promotes professional organisations in insurance, regulates and oversees premium rates and terms of non-life insurance covers, specifies financial reporting norms for insurance companies, regulates investment of policyholders’ funds by insurance companies, ensures the maintenance of solvency margin by insurance companies and ensures insurance coverage in rural areas and other vulnerable sections of society.

Municipality Act (Various States)

The Municipality Act also governs the limits of a city or town or village to be used for any of the purposes mentioned in a Schedule prescribed from time to time. Any Trade cannot be conducted without a license obtained from the Commissioner of the Municipality / Panchayat. The health department of the Municipality is in charge of these matters. The health officer has powers to close unlicensed commercial premises. Trade License also called Health License is issued specifically for the Trade; it does not regularize unauthorized constructions or violations of building bye laws.

The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

An Act to provide for the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution, for any establishment. The state government may from time to time set the standards with respect to emission. Any person wanting to commence an Industrial plant shall obtain a No Objection certificate from the Pollution Control Board before commencement of such industrial plant. No person operating any industrial plant, in any air pollution control area shall discharge or cause or permit to be discharged the emission of any air pollutant in excess of the standards laid down by the State Board.

National Sample Survey Office (NSSO)

The NSSO is responsible for conduct of large scale sample surveys in diverse fields on All India basis. Primarily data are collected through nation-wide household surveys on various socio-economic subjects, Annual Survey of Industries (ASI), etc. Besides these surveys, NSSO collects data on rural and urban prices and plays a significant role in the improvement of crop statistics through supervision of the area enumeration and crop estimation surveys of the State agencies. It also maintains a frame of urban area units for use in sample surveys in urban areas. Companies in the manufacturing vertical are required to compulsorily submit an Annual return every year indicating the details of the operations and products consumed / produced.

Music License

All those who play or communicate pre-recorded music for non-private purposes or in public places or commercial establishments or non-commercial establishments be it acoustic or visual, whether by way of Gramophone Records, Music cassette or CDs or Radio or TV or Cable network or in any other form / technology in must obtain a prior Music licence before such music is played. Any Radio Broadcasting or Performance of Copyrighted Music Recording without first having a Music licence, in respect of its works, constitutes an Infringement of Copyright under The Copyright Act of 1957. It is a Cognizible & Non-bailable offence which attracts heavy penalty which can extend upto a fine of Rs 2 lakhs and imprisonment of 3 years.


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